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Programming in Solana

by Maria L. Searle
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programming in solana

Preface

Solana’s next-generation blockchain strives to be a decentralized, scalable, and secure network. It is constantly expanding due to the latest elaborations in its evolution.

Block formation in Solana is based on staking, and the blocks themselves are formed by validators who receive an appropriate reward for this. Solana is also a convenient blockchain network for deploying decentralized applications.

Due to this users can install and maintain the infrastructure themselves, or they can order a service for the provision of shared nodes from an infrastructure provider, but the most win-win and comfortable option, of course, will be choosing a solana dedicated node.

Solana programming language

Speaking about developments in the Solana blockchain, it should be noted that such developments are not as widely in demand as we would like. The reason here lies precisely in the programming language.

The fact is that if a developer has studied the Solidity programming language, he can immediately write code and smart contracts for all blockchains on the EVM. There are now a large number of such blockchains, and the Solidity language has become a kind of standardized language for smart contracts.

In contrast, Solana applications and smart contracts are written in the Rust programming language. Speaking about it, let’s first of all remember that it is a low-level language that is much more complex than Solidity.

In practice, this leads to the fact that to master this language, you need to put in much more time and effort. Nevertheless, the presence of Rust knowledge in the developer’s arsenal is a significant contribution to his image.

It should be noted that today a large number of articles have been posted on the official website of Solana, which contain a lot of information about the developments of Solana, there are also many guides and many courses on learning the Rust language.

Development of Solana

As mentioned earlier, Solana applications are written in the Rust programming language. To this, we can add that for writing programs; there are various tools in the Anchor framework that help developers quickly and efficiently interact with accounts, which is equivalent to creating smart contracts for Solana.

Anchor has good documentation, and on GitHub, you can freely see other people’s projects and watch various videos that explain how to work with it. The technology market is constantly updated with new tools, and a new programming language, SEAHORSE, has appeared, which can be used to write Solana applications.

SEAHORSE is very similar to Python and is very easy for those who know Python to learn, making it much easier for them to write smart contracts. Also worth noting is Hyper ledger Solang, which compiles the Solidity language for the Solana blockchain environment.

And, of course, if Solana does launch EVM, then smart contracts on Solidity will be quite suitable for her.

Knowing that the main advantages of Solana are faster and cheaper transactions, we can confidently say that this blockchain can successfully develop into an entire ecosystem.

Solana has many non-custodial wallets, each of which has its own features and is convenient for target users. The wallets are very well written; the user can go to any transaction in their preferred explorer directly from their wallet.

Solana’s NFT market deserves a special attitude; it is growing and developing, attracting the attention of well-known brands.

It is important to note that launching NFT collections on Solana does not require any in-depth programming knowledge. In addition, there are marketplaces on the blockchain, as well as an audience that is ready to buy NFTs.

Afterword

Many experts note that one of the disadvantages of the Solana blockchain is its insufficiency in decentralization. One can agree with such a statement but still slightly dispel the already established patterns in this regard.

Those who talk about decentralization as the highest achievement of blockchain technology elevate it to the rank of an absolute deliverer of many problems in economic, legal, financial, and other processes.

However, if we delve into the details, it may turn out that, in fact, decentralization itself is not 100% decentralized.

So, for example, in the background of decentralized applications, there is a centralized domain that the user buys, a centralized hosting where the user’s website is hosted, and in general, a certain centralized world. In other words, today, the idea of ​​decentralization has not yet been fully realized.

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